||London, Middlesex, England
||BEF. 20 Jan 1625
||Buck Row, Elizabeth City, VA
||30 Oct 2005
||Elizabeth, b. ABT. 1578, London, Middlesex, England
||London, Middlesex, England
| ||1. Joan Arundell, b. ABT. 1600, London, Middlesex, England|
| ||2. John Arundell, b. ABT. 1602, London, Middlesex, England|
| ||3. Margaret Arundell, b. ABT. 1611, London, Middlesex, England|
- "The Third Virginia Charter: March 12, 1612 [1612/13]"
"James, by the grace of God, King of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, to all to whom these presents shall come, greeting. Whereas at the humble suit of divers and sundry our loving subjects, as well adventures as planters of the First Colony in Virginia, and for the propagation of Christian religion and reclaiming of people barbarous to civility and humanity, we have by our letters patent bearing date at Westminster the three and twentieth day of May in the seventh year of our reign of England, France and Ireland, and the two and fortieth of Scotland, given and granted unto them, that they and all such and so many of our loving subjects as should from time to time forever after be joined with them as planters or adventurers in the said plantation, and their successors forever, should be one body politic, incorporated by the name of The Treasurer and Planters of the City of London for the First Colony of Virginia ...
And further our will and pleasure is, and we do by these presents grant and confirm for the good and welfare of the said plantation, and that posterity may hereafter know who have adventured and not been sparing of their purses in such a noble and generous action for the general good of their country, and at the request and with the consent of the company aforesaid, that our trusty and wellbeloved subjects ...
Peter Erundell [his name appears, so spelled, toward the end of a list of 329 English nobles, clerics, knights, and merchants]
... who since our said last letters patent are become adventurers and have joined themselves with the former adventurers and planters of the said company and society, shall from henceforth be reputed, deemed and taken to be and shall be brethren and free members of the company and shall and may enjoy all such interest, right, title, priviledges, preeminences, liberties, franchises, immunities, profits and commodities whatsoever in as large, ample and beneficial manner to all intents, constructions and purposes, as any other adventures nominated and expressed in any our former letters patent, or any of them have or may have by force and virtue of these presents, or any our former letters patent whatsoever..."
Susan Myra Kingsbury, editor, "The Records of The Virginia Company of London," (Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office, 1933), vol i, pp. 298-309
"A Preparative Court Held for Virginia at Sir Edwin Sandys' House Ye Last of January, 1619 [1619/20]
Present: ... Mr. Peter Arundell ...
Peter Arundell's petition to have his shares explained to be double shares referred to the auditors to view his business how it stands and report it to the court."
Kingsbury, vol i, pp. 309, 310.
"February Ye 16th, 1619 [1619/20]
Five shares formerly given by Sir Thomas Roe, Knt., to Peter Arundell, which were confirmed unto him in a court held the first of October 1617. The said Peter Arundell in consideration of a certain sum of money paid unto him by the said Sir Thomas Roe hath resigned the said five shares unto the said Sir Thomas Roe, which auditors having allowed were by this court confirmed.
Kingsbury, vol i, pp. 316, 317.
March 2, 1619 [1619/20]
"Present: ... Mr. Arundell ...
Mr. Treasurer signified that accidentally having some conference with ye Right Honorable, the Earl of Arundell [This Earl was not Peter Arundell, but I wonder if there was a relationship?], it pleased his Lordship to demonstrate the exeeding much love he beareth to the action, insomuch that he could be content to come and sit amongst them. He therefore moved that the court would permit his Lordship into their society, which being put to ye question was joyfully embraced by general consent and referred according to order to a great court for electing of his Lordship to be one of the council..."
Kingsbury, vol i, pp. 345, 346.
"A Quarter Court Held for Virginia at Mr. Farrar's in St. Sithes Lane, the 17th of May 1620.
Present: ... The Earl of Southampton [Henry Wriothesley], the Earl of Warwick [Robert Rich], the Earl of Devonshire [William Courtenay] ... Sir Robert Mansell ... Mr. Peter Arundell ..."
Kingsbury, vol iii, p. 239, 240.
"Virginia Company. A Note of the Shipping, Men, and Provisions Sent and Provided for Virginia.
... The Abigail, of 350 tons, sent in February 1620/1 with 230 persons ...
Men skillful for setting up staple comodities ...
Eight French Vignerons [vineyard growers], procured from Languedoc, who are very skillful also in breeding silkworms and making silk--of this seed there is good store gone, both French, Italian and Spanish--together with instructions for providing comodious housing and orderly planting of mulberry trees. There are also some Englishmen sent that have been trained therein."
Kingsbury, vol iii, pp. 462, 463
Sir George Yeardley. A Letter to Sir Edwin Sandys.
June 27, 1621
Though your most weighty and important affairs would not permit you to write otherwise than in brief by this ship, Abigail, yet to my great joy and singular contentment I have heard both from the company and by some others of my very good friends of the election of my worthy successor [the Virginia Company elected Sir Francis Wyatt to replace Sir George Yeardley as governor], wherein I do both perceive your loving care of me, and how much I am bound to yourself, to whom as for all other your most noble favors so for this last I do you service even to the spending my life, your friendly advertisement and therein your promise you have most faithfully kept... Your request concerning Mr. Poe and Madame Poe, his wife, shall be a command to make me for your sake to do even what possible I can or may in affording them my best help and furtherance, whereof I doubt not but you shall shortly to your content understand. Mr. Arondell I have commended to Capt Nuce, and have desired him that he will at all times certify me what pleasure or favor I may do him for your sake [It appears that Sir Edwin Sandys asked Sir George Yeardley to assist Mr. Peter Arundell to become established in Virginia.]. Mr. Lapworth I trust will deserve your commendations, how he is disposed of you shall understand by the letter to the general company, as also how Capt Smyth is seated, both whom I will do my best to further in what I may... So commending both you and yours with all your virtuous proceedings to him who is best able to preserve you, with the integrity and zeal of your heart which you exercise to his glory in this action, I rest ready to be at all times commanded by you,
James City this 27th of June 1621"
Kingsbury, vol iii, pp. 534-535.
Peter Arundell. A Letter to Sir Edwin Sandys.
December 15, 1621
"Right worshipful and most religious knight,
For me to write unto you news of this country were to cast a few drops of water into ye sea, you having here such wise and good intelligence, therefore I refer you to know further from me by my letter written to ye council, whereof worthily you are one (Voire, je pouvoye bien dire dix en effect.). I did write to your worship by the Margaret and John, therefore these few private lines shall only serve to intreat your favorable voice unto the company, for the performance of their promises. And because I am nearer to me than any other, and that charity begins with oneself, I crave particularly for me and my poor family. Whereas Mr Deputy Ferrers promised me the assistance of Capt Nuse [Thomas Newce] and my son-in-law, Captain Mansell (who is dead) for fishing and hunting, and provision for a whole year beforehand, a house ready built, and cattle, which proved far defective. For, for provision all that we now have is but a pint and a half ... of musty meal for a man a day. And yet the company's deputy, Capt Nuse, tells us that there was sent hither, but scarse enough for half a year's provision. As for the other things, there is not one observed with me, as you may further know by my letter to the council. Were you not one of them known wise, and best affected in the action, I would not discover unto you the danger we are in, for I will always do what I may to hide our defects and encourage any to the furtherance of this Christian plantation; neither do I complain upon any particular officer, knowing it is easier to find faults than to amend them. I leave to your judicious search for to discover from whence they proceed, and to repair them to the relief of us all. If by your charitable sufferage I may receive any benefit from the honorable company, I will ever pray for your temporal and eternal felicity, and rest yours most humble to command,
Je vous supplie aussi, Monsieur me favoriser es regetes et demandes que je fay a la compagnie.
Elizabeth Cittie this 15th of December 1621"
Kingsbury, vol iii, p. 231
Peter Arundell. Fragment of a Letter to John Smyth of Nibley.
January 1, 1621/2
"... River, yea some on the Chicahominy River. But to the end of our noble and most worthy adventures be not deprived of their praises (though I am uncapable to demonstrate the least point of their due deserts). We have good number of hind in sundry places, and bullocks wherewith the ground may be plowed for English corn, goats, horses, and hogs, which are dispersed, and grown wild in the woods, many of the inhabitants having tame sows and hogs, to their great commodities. All which cattle have been sent for the benefit of the planters, at the unestimable charges of the said most worthy adventurers for whose prosperity we, said plainters, are ever bound to pray. I leave then to the judicious judgment of the wise to consider if these things are not sufficient to maintain reasonable men. Yea, I say that any laborious honest man may in a short time become rich in this country. Let then everyone, zealous to increase the Church of God, by propagating the Gospel, and to augment the greatness and glory of his king and country lay his helping hands to this Christian and ever famous action. I protest that these lines contain nothing but the mere truth. And so, giving you thanks for your kindness, craving the continuation thereof, I ... for Almighty to prosper you both, and to bless the generous projects."
Kingsbury, vol iv, p. 231
Peter Arundell. His Letter to Mr Thomas Wheatly.
March 25, 1623/4
"I pray God, good order may be taken for rates of things, for the poorer sort are not able to live. Sixteen sterling I have paid for a hogshead of meal, and that in good silver plate, chiefly to feed the men that make my house. A bushel of Indian corn is sold for 20 shilling."
Kingsbury, vol iv, p. 231.
Peter Arundell. His Letter to Mr. William Canning.
March 25, 1623
"I have been forced to buy a hogshead of meal which cost me 16 sterling. A fair guilt silver bowl with a cover payed for part of it. Our oldest planters do die daily."
Kingsbury, vol iv, p. 230.
Peter Arundell. His Letter to Mr William Canning from Buck Row.
April 14, 1623
"The governor and treasurer have seen my new silk house and also my small store of provision, which was only a bushel of meal to keep me and my family from this time till harvest; but could have no relief, only the treasurer bade me pray for the speedy arrival of the Seaflower, and if she bring in any meal I shall have some, paying for it. All my son-in-law's corn was brought up to Jamestown and I cannot get a grain of it to relieve my need, though I produced a bill of 18 lb sterling, which he owed me. "Great men are payed, but poor men must bide the loss." Yet I dare not complain for fear of worse, seeing Virginia is governed wholly by Sir Edwin Sandys' faction. I desire therefore to come to London, to show how all things are carried. Whereby, I hope to procure reformation. You are both wise and charitable, which will make you to show these lines but to those that you know impartial and specially to Sir John Worsenholme. The last cutting of Capt Spelman hath given us a great check. The most evident hope from altogether starving is Oysters, and for the easier getting of them I have agreed for a canoe which will cost me 6 lb sterling. My hope for silk is greater than ever, if I can bring it home."
Kingsbury, vol iv, p. 230.
Peter Arundell. His Letter to Mr John Farrar.
April 15, 1623
"Since my last, there is happened some quarrels between Capt Whitaker's chief man and Mr Anthony Bannall, who went to gather mulberry leaves upon the said Capt's ground. Who is at fault I know not, for I was not there. But I will tell you once more that unless strict orders be sent from England for preservation of mulberry trees, the silk work will wholly be lost for a great while in Virginia. Our worms are well hatched and very hopefull. If I live, I will bring home some silk. My coming into England will do great good for this country. As well by my good report thereof as for some small and easy means which I will show the company for the easier hatching of the worms than yet hath been found here or in England and for very small charges. I say if I live for I have naught at this time to maintain me and my people till harvest but a little more than half a bushel of English meal, all my provision being spent by workmen to build the silk house. If I die, my eldest son, John Arundle, will follow the silk work, for I find him very fit for it. Therefore, I entreat you, if I die before I see you, to take notice of him and to deal charitably with my young children. All the evident means we have to live till harvest is by Oysters. I have shown the chief commanders (who came to see my silk workhouse) of my great wants, and I can get no relief though I offer to pay for it. Notwithstanding, I refer myself to the Lord's will and beseech you still to do in charity for me according to my requests in my other letters, whereof I crave a speedy answer. And so I rest, your sevant to be commanded"
Kingsbury, vol iv, p. 89.
Peter Arundell. Extract From a Letter to Willaim Canning.
April 15, 1623
"... Our future miseries do post apace. A 1000 of nails cost 18 shilling or 20 shilling 1000. I have payed 12 lb sterling for a hogshead of meal, 20 shilling for a bushel of Indian Corn, and none to be had but with great men which endanger me and mine to starve before harvest ... News was brought that Capt Spelman was cut off by the Indians. He had warning of it by an Indian. He and his men coming with their armor, the king of that place asked why he came so armed? Spelman told him of his distrust and showed him the man that gave him warning. Whereupon ye king in his presence caused the fellow's head to be cut off and cast into the fire before the said Captain's face (a bad reward to betray him that had given him so faithful a warning), but his own life paid for it. For ye next day he and his men coming ashore disarmed thinking to trade were all cut off by the Indians. They took Mr Pountis' shallop and hewed her into pieces and came with 60 canoes to take the unlucky ship, Tyger, who had but four sailors and some few land men who whiffed up sails and went faster than their canoes and so left her. We ourselves have taught them how to be trecherous by our false dealings with the poor king of Potomac, that had always been faithful to the English, whose people was killed, he and his son taken prisoners, brought to Jamestown, brought home again, ransomed, as if he had been the greatest enemy they had. Spelman's death is a just revenge; it was done about that part of the country. If we had sufficient provision, we should not need to seek after the Indians. It is a great loss to us, for that Capt was the best linguist of the Indian tongue of this country. If you think fit to carry our tobacco into Holland to save the thirds, let me know to whom I shall address myself as your factor. Yours as his own,
Kingsbury, vol iv, p. 92.
Sir Nathaniel Rich. Beginning of Rough Draft of a Certificate Affirming the Truth of Statements of Captain Butler.
Between April and June 1623.
"... that they have no sustenance but corn and of that so little that unless they be forthwith relieved by the coming of a ship called the Seaflower, then expected, they are in great danger of starving. This ship, which was expected to relieve the colony from starving, is now reported to have miscarried at ye Sommer Islands, by being casually blown up in ye harbor by firing of her own power. The price of a hogshead of meal by their letters appeareth to be 12 shilling, sometimes 15 shilling a bushel of their Indian corn. The price of a hog, ten pound, and a hen 15 shilling. And yet none of these almost naught to be had for money. Insomuch that we find one P. Arundle (who, as by his letters appeareth, hath taken very great pains of late in erecting a silk house at his own charge and in cherishing of silkworms) in his letter to Mr. John Farrar complains that on the 15th of April last he had left little more than half a bushel of meal to maintain him and his people from that time till harvest. And almost all the other letters in general speak of extreme mortality and sickness and desperate dearth and famine ..."
John Camden Hotten, "The Original Lists of Persons of Quality: 1600-1700," (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1986) pp. 181-184
"A List of Names of the Living in Virginia, February the 16th, 1623 ...
At Bucke Row ...
Anthony Bonall--frenchman (La Gaurd)
John Hainie (or Haine)
W. G. Standard, "Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents," p. 469
"Peter Arundel of Buck Roe, in the Corporation of Elizabeth City, gentleman, (as his first dividend) 200 acres in the said corporation, upon the Back River--leading towards the head of Southampton River, and bordering on a small creek parting it from the land of Bartholomew Hoskins--which land he claims for two shares as part of a bill of adventure for 287 pound, ten shilling, bearing date the 7th October 1617, and signed David Watkins, cashier. Granted by Wyatt, Nov. 8, 1624.
Note: Peter Arundel, or Erondelle, a native of Normandy, was a member of the Virginia Company, and a French teacher in London; published several books (Brown's Genesis), and came to Virginia in the "Abigail" in 1620. In February 1623-4, Peter, John, Elizabeth, and Margaret Arundel were living at Buck Roe; but the father, Peter, soon died, and from the census of 1623-4 [sic--January 20, 1624/5], it appears that the children were cared for in various families. The son, John, born in 1602, who came in the "Abigail," was living in the family of William Hampton, of Elizabeth City; and Margaret, aged nine years, who also came in the "Abigail," was living in the family of Humfrey Kent, at Percy's Hundred. The son, John Arundell, gentleman, was appointed a commissioner (justice) of Elizabeth City in February 1631-2 and September 1632, and was a member of the House of Burgesses for "the lower parts of Elizabeth City" in February 1632-3."
Hotten, p. 215
"The Muster of the Inhabitant's of Peirsey's Hundred taken the 20th of January 1624 ...
The Muster of Humfrey Kent
Humfrey Kent arrived in the George 1619
Joane his wife in the Tyger 1621
Margrett Arrundell aged 9 years in the Abigaile 1621
Christopher Beane (servant) aged 40 years in the Neptune 1618"
"The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography," (Richmond, The Virginia Historical Society: 1968) vol 16, pp. 7-15.
"An extract of all the titles and estates of land sent to the privy council by Sir Francis Wyatt when he returned [to England] according to their order in their letter dated at Salisbury May 15, 1625 ...
The Corporation of Elizabeth City ...
Mr. Peter Arundel, 200 acres ..."
[Note: Peter Arundel probably was dead by this date, because his young daughter, Margaret, was living with Humfrey and Joan Kent by January 20, 1624/5.]
Kingsbury, vol iv, p. 522.
"John Arundell, of the Back River in Elizabeth City, gentleman, son and heir apparent to Peter Arundell, gentleman, deceased; 100 acres on Back River, adjoining the land formerly granted to Bartholomew Hoskins, and extending easterly towards the land of Captain Richard Stephens, Esq., now in the tenure and occupation of John Chandler, planter. Due in right of his father for one share in a bill of adventure of 287 lb, 10 shilling, dated October 4, 1617. By Harvey, September 7, 1632."
Alexander Brown, "The Genesis of the United States," vol ii, p. 887.
"Erondelle--Arundell, Peter, "A Declaration and Catholick Exhortation to all Christian Princes to Succour the Church of God and Relme of France," written by Peter Erondelle, native of Normandy, faithfully translated out of the French at London, imprinted by Edward Aggas, 1586. "The France Garden: for English Ladyes and Gentlewomen to Walke In," by Peter Erondel, Professor of the same language, London, Printed for Edward White, 1605. "The French Schoole-Maister," P. Erondelle, London, 1612. He reassigned to Sir Thomas Roe three shares of land in Virginia, February 16, 1619/20. He went to Virginia on the Abigail in 1621, and in February, 1623/4, Peter, John, Elizabeth, and Margaret Arundell were living at Buck Roe, Elizabeth City. He was granted, in 1624, 200 acres by patent on Back River in Elizabeth City in right of a bill of adventure of 287 pound, 4 shilling, dated in 1617. He died prior to 23 January 1624/5, leaving a son, John (born in 1602), as heir to his rights in Virginia."
Kingsbury, vol iii, p. 318.
June 22, 1620. A List of Members of the Virginia Company.
"... John Arundell of Trerise, Esquire ..."
According to the LDS Ancestral file, a John Arundell was born in Trerice, Cornwall, England, on November 22, 1576, son of John Arundell of Trerice and Gertrude Dennis of Burnell, Devon, England. He married Mary Cary, and died on December 5, 1654. Was this John Arundell a brother or cousin of Peter Arundell?
Kingsbury, vol iii, p. 86.
About 1618. A List of Members of the Virginia Company.
"... Peter Monsell ..."
Was this the Captain Mansell, who married Peter Arundell's daughter?